Przejdź do głównej zawartości

Beware of theoretical problems

Anybody who was a change agent or acted as one knows this too well. You meet a development team of 15+ engineers and do an introductory talk on Scrum. Even before you are one third through the talk, there is a question or an interruption from the audience - similar to one of the following examples:
  • this is all very interesting, but how it [Scrum] would deal with a situation when half of the team quits their job on one day?
  • this may work in an experienced team, but imagine that you have a team where there is just one experienced developer and all others are fresh graduates
  • I don't understand why you are against my idea of recording the stand-up meetings; sometimes the amount of input from the team may be too large for the Scrum Master to remember
If you hear that (and it could be on any meeting you talk about change, not necessarily about Scrum), don't engage into discussion.They are all extremely theoretical questions that will NEVER happen in real life. What's more, whatever process / approach / tool is used today, it is most likely unable to resolve these theoretical problems either. As a change agent, you just have to hear it out, but don't begin discussing it.


Popularne posty z tego bloga

Unit Testing code with IO file operations (in Python)

We may often come across a piece of code that was written without Unit Tests at all. In addition, the piece of code may be dealing with IO like file writing and reading, which makes it more difficult to Unit Test it when we are trying to refactor and modify. Let's suppose the code in question looks like this:

def writeInitialsToFile(filename, name, surname):
    initials = name[0] + '.' + surname[0] + '.'
    with open(filename, 'w') as file:

def readInitials(filename):
    initials = None
    with open(filename, 'r') as file:
        initials = file.readline()
    return initials

A straightforward and bad idea would be to write a couple of Unit Tests that make use of a real file and simply test the reading and writing. Is therea a better way to test this code?

First of all, we need a way to replace the real file with something else. For both reading and writing we will now have a couple of functions, one that expects a stream fo…

Piotr's Less Obvious Advice on Google Mock: State maintenance

Google Mock provides several ways to maintain state inside mock objects. One way of implementing state maintenance is with SaveArg. Consider the following example.

We have a class Configurator, which allows a caller to set and get values of a parameter:

class Configurator

    virtual ~Configurator() {}

    virtual void setParamX(int n) = 0;
    virtual int getParamX() = 0;

And we have a class Client that calls Configurator's methods and it also has a method incParamXBy, that can be used to increase the current value of paramX by a certain value.

class Client

    Client(Configurator & cfg);
    virtual ~Client() {}

    void setParamX(int n);
    void incParamXBy(int n);
    int getParamX();


    Configurator & _cfg;

incParamXBy internally calls setParamX and getParamX on Configurator:

void Client::incParamXBy(int n)
    _cfg.setParamX(_cfg.getParamX() + n);

Let's assume that the initial value of paramX is A and that we want to increase paramX by…

Piotr's Less Obvious Advice on Google Mock: Returning new objects from a mock

Google Mock provides a way to return newly created objects from a mock method. Suppose we have a  Generator class that is supposed to generate new objects when createNewRecord method is called:

class Generator
    virtual ~Generator() {}
    virtual Record * createNewRecord() = 0;

...and suppose we want to mock this class:

class MockGenerator : public Generator
    MOCK_METHOD0(createNewRecord, Record * ());

Suppose the caller class Client has run method defined as follows:

void Client::run()
    for(int i = 0; i < 3; i++)
        rec_tab[i] = gen.createNewRecord();

We want the mock to return a pointer to a new object each time createNewRecord is called. This is how we can express this in the test code:

TEST(ClientTest, CanRun)
    MockGenerator gen;
    Client c(gen);

    EXPECT_CALL(gen, createNewRecord())
                 //this is equivalent of returning new Record(1,2,3)